Here are some of its 3D Perspectives:
Here are some of its 3D Perspectives:
Let’s take a peek into the future and check out the world’s future tallest 10 skyscrapers!
1. Jeddah Tower – Destined to hold the title of the world’s tallest structure, the Kingdom Tower is envisioned to become the leading beacon of business, leisure and open the door to a futuristic metropolis. Reaching towards unprecedented heights, this landmark is the shining point intended to place Jeddah in the global arena, setting new levels of business, accommodation, and community lifestyle. Located in the Northern part of Obhur, Saudi Arabia The Jeddah Tower stands tall amidst the majestic Jeddah Economic City, amassing a complete set of amenities ranging from Business facilities, offices, a grand hotel, commercial shops, residential spaces, parks and much more, with a vast shopping area. While the Jeddah Economic City is envisioned to overlook the Pearl of the Red Sea, the Jeddah Tower’s mega height is intended to overlook much more than the eye can see, at a height of over a kilometre, and sporting the world’s highest observation deck.
2. Wuhan Greenland Center – Rising from its site on the Yangtze River waterfront, the Wuhan Greenland Center symbolizes the growing vitality of Wuhan, the most populous city in central China and a major player in the country’s economy due to its status as a multi-modal transportation hub.
Like many towers that seek to transcend the 600-meter threshold, wind and seismic considerations were paramount in the design process. To address these issues, the tower uses a triangular floor plan that gently narrows along its height to provide extra stability that protects against intense winds and seismic events. Three large sloping steel-reinforced concrete (SRC) columns rise and join at the top of the building to form the 61-meter crown structure that rests above a glass dome. By omitting portions of floors and perimeter framing at different elevations, “slots” are created in the building envelope to provide a distinctive architectural personality while reducing wind loads on the structure. In this respect, the locations and geometry of structural components have been carefully optimized to not only provide strength and stiffness but integrate seamlessly with the form of the building.
3. Merdeka PNB118 – formerly known as KL118, Merdeka PNB118 is a 118-storey, 682-metre (2,238-foot) megatall skyscraper currently under construction in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. When completed, the tower will be the tallest building in Malaysia. The tower is sited at Petaling Hill, a low-density hill directly southeast of the historic Kuala Lumpur old town, on the location of the former Merdeka Park (which was subsequently repurposed into an open-air car park). The site lies within the vicinity of a number of historic landmarks with little modern development. The tower is to create a memorable new landmark for Kuala Lumpur.
4. Rama IX Super Tower – is a skyscraper in Bangkok, Thailand currently under construction. When completed, it will be the tallest building in Thailand. The front podiums comprise of open-air multi-purpose plaza above modern conference facilities, and retail arcades which are also clustered in a low-rise building flanking The Super Tower. The tower which will also house Thailand’s first 24-hour office facilities, a six-star hotel, fine dining venues, and an enclosed observation deck. This extraordinary eco-friendly, energy-efficient skyscraper will be designed to LEED Platinum.
5. Global Financial Center Tower 1 – The design of Global Financial Center Tower 1 represents an exercise in both simplicity and iconicity. At the ground level, the tower meets the street at the human scale, with conical extrusions that downplay its verticality near the entrance. These canopies recall the nomadic tent entrances of the Qing Dynasty. Rising upward, the tower widens slightly before it tapers, giving it an oblong appearance. For structural consideration in a high seismic zone, the tower shaft evolves from a square to a convex plan with corners carved out to further reduce the considerable bulk of the tower and to soften the scale contrast with the surrounding residential towers. At the top, an executive club is located within a giant “pearl” that measures 50 meters in diameter. The pearl – a symbol of wisdom, luxury, and purity – is the jewel in the crown of this mixed-use development.
6. Skyfame Center Landmark Tower – Also known as the Tianyu Tower, this skyscraper is being built in Nanning, China is due to be completed in 2021. It has 108 floors but as yet, the people behind the project have not released many details concerning its features.
7. Evergrande International Financial Center – is a complex of five skyscrapers under construction at Chao Lake in Hefei, China. Work began in 2016. The highest towers will be 518 meters while the other four will peak at 290, 260, 200 and 170 meters respectively.
8. Central Park Tower – this tower is a supertall mixed-use commercial/residential project being developed by the Extell Development Company in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. Upon completion, Central Park Tower will become the second tallest skyscraper in the United States. The building will also be the tallest by roof height in the United States, surpassing the Willis Tower.
9. Chengdu Greenland Tower – is a supertall skyscraper under construction in Chengdu, Sichuan, China. It will consist of: a retail podium, complete with conference centre, a bridge connecting to the main tower, and an exhibition hall; two smaller apartment towers of 173 and 166 meters; and the main tower, containing an array of office accommodations and a luxury hotel. The overall design of the complex interprets and integrates Chengdu’s urban structure and local culture, representing the modern embodiment of Chinese traditional feng shui theory.
10. Corporate Avenue 1 – As a centrepiece of the 3.6-million-square-meter Chongqing Tian Di Master Plan, a major redevelopment of the downtown core area, the Chongqing International Commerce Center will provide a nexus of activity, bringing people together for both work and leisure. Informed by curvilinear geometry, the complex’s light and graceful form are clearly expressed in the simple configuration of the Corporate Avenue 1, the tallest tower on the site.
Engineer Toby McCartney wants to use recycled plastic instead of oil to repair some of the world’s 40 million kilometers (24.8 million miles) of road. The idea would solve more than one problem: poor road quality, the continued use of fossil fuels, and the waste plastic epidemic. His Scottish start-up, MacRebur, mixes waste plastic into asphalt to create roads that last longer and are less prone to getting potholes.
Some of the waste plastics retrieved by the pickers were put into potholes, petrol poured all over them, and the rubbish set alight until the plastics melted into the craters to form a makeshift plastic pothole filler.
Upon returning to the U.K., Toby got together with his two mates, waste expert Nick and construction engineer Gordon, and formed MacRebur. They take waste plastic that is destined for landfill sites and recycle it. They use a special formula to clean it off, create pellets using it, and then use those pellets to add to a mixture of rocks and bitumen to make longer-lasting roads.
So far, the scheme has won the approval of Virgin founder Sir Richard Branson, and McCartney’s company MacRebur has gotten the support of two local governments in England to start using MR6, MacRebur’s patent pending, high performance, asphalt binder additive to build their roads.
We reckon we could use some plastic roads in Australia too!
Thanks to Hyperloop Technology, travelling from Melbourne to Sydney could be hopefully done in under one hour!
But what is Hyperloop? And how is it going to change our travelling lives for the better?
Hyperloop has significant advantages for travelers, the economy, and the environment. Eventually, it will be able to travel far faster than any method of land based transport currently available — with its closest competitor, the bullet train, only capable of speeds of 320 km/h (200 mph). Projections indicate that it will also be cheaper to build than bullet train systems.
VicHyper wants to revolutionise the future of transport in Australia. Their CEO, Zac McLelland who is based at RMIT, said the hyperloop technology which had the potential to leapfrog fast rail and link the cities with ease, existed. It was now just a matter of putting it into practice. “If we really wanted to do it, we could do it now, and be built within three to five years,’’ Mr McLelland said.
The internet is a goldmine of information but sifting through what’s useful for you as a civil engineer can take up many precious hours so we’ve done the hard work for you and collated the top five websites that you should check out and subscribe to if you haven’t already.
Interesting Engineering – It’s a leading community with more than 7 million+ minds. Their aim is to share a new idea, a new thought, an upcoming technology or an engineering breakthrough that will change the way you think about technology and engineering in today’s world and in the near future. Whether it’s a device that can charge your mobile in seconds or it’s the latest model of Boeing that has launched moments ago, Interesting Engineering will bring everything up on your screen to view, share and grant you the power to comment. Check out their latest articles here.
Engineering Feed – This site is chock-full of educational resources gallery exclusively for young civil engineers. They even have an FAQs dedicated to civil engineers. Awesome right? Their mission is to provide an e-library of good quality educational materials as collected from various eminent sources to support the learning requisites of civil engineering students throughout the world, promoting the concept of green-learning and the value of sharing knowledge. They want to offer a virtual platform to exchange, discuss and connect the knowledge contents of the latest kind for civil engineers beyond any barriers.
I am Civil Engineer – We love the site’s tagline: “bridging the gap, filling the void.” Clever yes? Their team consists of two civil engineers and two civil engineering students, one of which is a female. The site offers free downloads of books, softwares, excel sheets, presentations and tutorials. In their latest article, they share the 300+ yes 300+ civil engineering interview questions you must prepare for!
Engineering.Com – They’re a digital media publisher that brings the most influential voices in engineering to a worldwide audience of designers and engineers. The stories that they produce highlight the latest advances in technology for product innovation and manufacturing. Their mission is to deliver engaging stories that inspire engineers to push the boundaries of innovation.
Engineers Australia – Of course we’ll include an Australian one! Engineers Australia is the trusted voice of the profession. They are the largest and most diverse body of engineers in Australia. As Australia’s principal engineering association they serve and represent over 100,000 professionals at every level, across all fields of practice. They are committed to advancing engineering and the professional development of their members.
This is a fascinating documentary on eight of the most ambitious mega-projects currently under development around the world, featuring: Istanbul’s building boom (Turkey); the Mission to put a human on Mars; the effort to develop Lagos (Nigeria); Africa’s unprecedented clean energy opportunity; the project to probe the nearest Earth-like exoplanet; Atlanta’s stadium of the future (Georgia, United States); India’s effort to modernize its highways; and China’s unprecedented One Belt One Road, “New Silk Road” initiative.
It’s a massive project with many roads, railways, ports and maritime routes making up new and revived trade corridors. The land-based projects are the belt. The road is the maritime routes that will connect up China’s southern provinces to south-east Asia and the east coast of Africa with ports and railways.
For those who are uninitiated, the “Silk Road” was an ancient network of trade routes that were for centuries central to cultural interaction originally through regions of Eurasia connecting the East and West. The Silk Road concept refers to both the terrestrial and the maritime routes connecting Asia and Europe.
While the term is of modern coinage, the Silk Road derives its name from the lucrative trade in silk (and horses) carried out along its length, beginning during the Han Dynasty.
We just love bridges. They come in all shapes and sizes and play a major role in uniting our communities and enhancing our everyday life. Here we highlight five of the most famous bridges in our world today starting with our very own Coathanger.
Sydney Harbour Bridge
The Sydney Harbour Bridge links Sydney’s two major commercial centres and forms a daily orientation point for millions. It is a living landmark, a tourist experience and an essential transport line for Sydneysiders. It is a cultural landscape that people actively experience: driving, walking, sailing, flying, cycling, ferry and train commuting, as well as passively observe – from the foreshores, from a distance, as a distinctive landmark – or examine in detail as a marvel of engineering technology.
The Golden Gate bridge is still considered one of the world’s engineering masterpieces. Today it carries over 100,000 vehicles per day (northbound and southbound). The Golden Gate has endured as a marvel of modern engineering; its 4,200-foot main span was the longest for a suspension bridge until 1981, while its 746-foot towers made it the tallest bridge of any type until 1993. It withstood the destructive Loma Pieta earthquake of 1989, and was closed to traffic only three times in its first 75 years due to weather conditions. Believed to be the most photographed bridge in the world, this landmark was named one of the seven civil engineering wonders of the United States by the American Society of Civil Engineers in 1994.
Qingdao Haiwan Bridge
In 2011, the Qingdao Haiwan Bridge became the world’s longest sea bridge. At 42.6 km long, it is nearly 5 kilometers longer than the previous record-holder, the Lake Pontchartrain Causeway, in Louisiana, USA. Costing $8.6 billion, the bridge links Qingdao city in China’s eastern Shandong province with the Huangdao district. The former is considered as the national tourism city of China and Huangdao is a suburban region which is moving towards becoming the next booming economic region. And the bridge is, therefore, is a great asset for tourism and trade.
The Øresund Bridge is an approximately 16-kilometer long road and rail link between Sweden and Denmark. It connects Copenhagen to Malmö fostering economic growth and cooperation for both cities. The link consists of three sections, a bridge, an artificial island and a tunnel, and the bridge accounts for half the length, with a railway and motorway running on separate levels. The bridge has provided a foundation for stronger and more extensive cooperation regarding economy, education, research and culture between Sweden and Denmark.
Millau Viaduct is ranked as one of the great engineering achievements of all time. It opened in 2004 and was built across the Tarn valley to alleviate holiday traffic between France and Spain. This bridge broke several records. It has the highest pylons in the world (245 meters and 221 meters), the highest bridge tower in the world (343 meters) and the highest road bridge deck in Europe (270 meters). Millau Viaduct is so high that it glides above the clouds. In 2006, Millau Viaduct received the Outstanding Structure Award by the International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering.
In this video we will learn about vortex shedding and mass dampers.
Vortex shedding happens when wind hits a structure, causing alternating vorticies to form at a certain frequency. This in turn causes the system to excite and produce a vibrational load. Historically, it has been very difficult to calculate by hand. Today, with modern technology and new engineering practices, completing a vortex shedding analysis is a valuable tool used in the design of tall equipment and structures.
What is Mass Damper?
Mass Damper is the system that’s used to control movement in skyscrapers by reducing both the speed at which the building oscillates and the distance those oscillations cover. Mass dampers consist of large pendulums—usually steel plates bolted together to form a solid chunk—suspended from cables near the top of the building. When the building sways in a gust, the weight’s inertia acts as a counterweight, pulling it in the opposite direction.
In honour of the Queen’s birthday, we thought we’ll revisit history and highlight some of the most famous female engineers of our time.
Emily Warren Roebling (September 23, 1843 – February 28, 1903)
Emily Warren Roebling was responsible for one of the USA’s most famous landmarks – the Brooklyn Bridge. Her husband, Washington Roebling was a civil engineer and the Chief Engineer during the construction of the Brooklyn Bridge. He unfortunately succumbed to caisson disease and the task of completing the bridge fell upon Emily. She was able to relay information between her sick husband and the workers. But she also studied intensively (and learned from her husband) and soon developed an extensive knowledge of strength of materials, stress analysis, cable construction, and calculating catenary curves. For the next 14 years Emily oversaw the bridge project, dealing with politicians, competing engineers, and all those associated with the work on the bridge. The Brooklyn Bridge was finally completed in 1883 and Emily Roebling was the first person to cross it by carriage.
Elmina Wilson (September 29, 1870 – June 4, 1918)
Elmina Wilson is known as the “first lady of structural engineering”. She was the first woman to receive a Bachelor of Civil Engineering degree at Iowa State University (ISU), and the first one to complete her master’s degree in the field. Professor Anson Marston, a man of progressive values who was also the Dean of Engineering at ISU became her mentor. She collaborated with him to build the 168-foot-tall Ames, Iowa, water tower, the first raised steel tower west of the Mississippi.
Nora Stanton Barney (September 30, 1883 – January 18, 1971)
Nora Stanton was the first female member of the American Society of Civil Engineers. She was born in Basingstoke, England on September 30, 1883. As a small child, her family moved to New York. In 1905, she was the first woman to graduate from Cornell University with a Civil Engineering degree. That same year, she became the first female member, with junior status, of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) and began work for the New York City Board of Water Supply. Nora, like her grandmother Elizabeth Cady Stanton, was involved in work for world peace and women’s rights. In 1915, she became the president of the Women’s Political Union. She participated in the efforts for a federal Equal Rights Amendment. In her later years, she remained politically active, writing pamphlets such as Woman as Human Beings and World Peace Through a Peoples Parliament.
Olive Dennis (November 20, 1885 – November 5, 1957)
Olive Dennis was the first woman to become a member of the American Railway Engineering Association. She was one of the first women to obtain a Civil Engineering degree from Cornell University. She strived hard and eventually began working for the Baltimore and Ohio (B & O) Railroad. Since half of the railroad’s passengers were women, it was felt that a woman would be better suited to handle engineering upgrades in service. Thus Olive Dennis was made the railroad’s first “service engineer” and assigned the responsibility of improving passenger service. In a career spanning over three decades, she worked hard to make travelling as comfortable as possible for the passengers.
Elsie Eaves (May 5, 1898 – March 27, 1983)
Elsie Eaves was the first woman to be a full member of the American Society of Civil Engineers. In 1920, at the age of 22, she graduated from the University of Colorado with a Civil Engineering degree. After graduating from college, she worked for the U.S. Bureau of Public Roads, the Colorado State Highway Department, and the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad. In 1945, she became the manager of Business News and continued there until she retired in 1963. After retiring, she became an advisor to the National Commission on Urban Affairs on the subject of housing costs. She also advised the International Executive Service Corps about construction costs in Iran. In 1957, she was the first woman to join the American Association of Cost Engineers, where she eventually became the first woman to be awarded an Honorary Life Membership.
Second, it is generally [acknowledged] that there has been evident neglect of the human factors in urban design at the expense of livability and quality of life. The outward expansion of cities into the suburbs has resulted in increased travel time and traffic gridlock. The prospect of traveling for a long time, to and from work, is detrimental to social well-being of the commuter and results in losses of fuel and productivity. Clustering of buildings in the form of tall buildings in densely built-up areas is the opportunity for creating open spaces like playgrounds, plazas, parks, and other community spaces by freeing up space at the ground level. Besides the impact on the city skyline, tall buildings thus influence the city fabric at the level where they meet the ground. The improvement of the “ public realm ”has become a necessity exerted by planning authorities in major cities.