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Future tallest 10 skyscrapers

Let’s take a peek into the future and check out the world’s future tallest 10 skyscrapers!

1. Jeddah Tower – Destined to hold the title of the world’s tallest structure, the Kingdom Tower is envisioned to become the leading beacon of business, leisure and open the door to a futuristic metropolis. Reaching towards unprecedented heights, this landmark is the shining point intended to place Jeddah in the global arena, setting new levels of business, accommodation, and community lifestyle. Located in the Northern part of Obhur, Saudi Arabia The Jeddah Tower stands tall amidst the majestic Jeddah Economic City, amassing a complete set of amenities ranging from Business facilities, offices, a grand hotel, commercial shops, residential spaces, parks and much more, with a vast shopping area. While the Jeddah Economic City is envisioned to overlook the Pearl of the Red Sea, the Jeddah Tower’s mega height is intended to overlook much more than the eye can see, at a height of over a kilometre, and sporting the world’s highest observation deck.

Jeddah Tower
Vital Statistics

  • Height: To Tip 1000+ m / 3,281+ ft
  • Height: Architectural 1000+ m / 3,281+ ft
  • Height: Observatory 644 m / 2,113 ft
  • Floors Above Ground 167
  • Floors Below Ground 2
  • # of Elevators 59
  • # of Apartments 439
  • # of Hotel Rooms 200
  • # of Parking Spaces 2,205

Timeline

  • Proposed 2011
  • Construction Start 2013
  • Completion 2020

2. Wuhan Greenland Center – Rising from its site on the Yangtze River waterfront, the Wuhan Greenland Center symbolizes the growing vitality of Wuhan, the most populous city in central China and a major player in the country’s economy due to its status as a multi-modal transportation hub.

Like many towers that seek to transcend the 600-meter threshold, wind and seismic considerations were paramount in the design process. To address these issues, the tower uses a triangular floor plan that gently narrows along its height to provide extra stability that protects against intense winds and seismic events. Three large sloping steel-reinforced concrete (SRC) columns rise and join at the top of the building to form the 61-meter crown structure that rests above a glass dome. By omitting portions of floors and perimeter framing at different elevations, “slots” are created in the building envelope to provide a distinctive architectural personality while reducing wind loads on the structure. In this respect, the locations and geometry of structural components have been carefully optimized to not only provide strength and stiffness but integrate seamlessly with the form of the building.

Vital Statistics

  • Height: Occupied 575 m / 1,886 ft
  • Height: To Tip 636 m / 2,087 ft
  • Height: Architectural 636 m / 2,087 ft
  • Floors Above Ground 125
  • Floors Below Ground 6
  • # of Elevators 84
  • # of Apartments 186
  • # of Hotel Rooms 292
  • # of Parking Spaces 1,051

Timeline

  • Proposed 2010
  • Construction Start 2012
  • Completion 2018

3. Merdeka PNB118 – formerly known as KL118, Merdeka PNB118 is a 118-storey, 682-metre (2,238-foot) megatall skyscraper currently under construction in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. When completed, the tower will be the tallest building in Malaysia. The tower is sited at Petaling Hill, a low-density hill directly southeast of the historic Kuala Lumpur old town, on the location of the former Merdeka Park (which was subsequently repurposed into an open-air car park). The site lies within the vicinity of a number of historic landmarks with little modern development. The tower is to create a memorable new landmark for Kuala Lumpur.

merdeka-pnb118

 

Vital Statistics

  • Height: Occupied 500 m / 1,640 ft
  • Height: To Tip 630 m / 2,067 ft
  • Height: Architectural 630 m / 2,067 ft
  • Floors Above Ground 118
  • Floors Below Ground 5
  • # of Elevators 87
  • # of Hotel Rooms 236

Timeline

  • Proposed 2010
  • Construction Start 2014
  • Completion 2021

4. Rama IX Super Tower – is a skyscraper in Bangkok, Thailand currently under construction. When completed, it will be the tallest building in Thailand. The front podiums comprise of open-air multi-purpose plaza above modern conference facilities, and retail arcades which are also clustered in a low-rise building flanking The Super Tower. The tower which will also house Thailand’s first 24-hour office facilities, a six-star hotel, fine dining venues, and an enclosed observation deck. This extraordinary eco-friendly, energy-efficient skyscraper will be designed to LEED Platinum.

Rama IX Super Tower

Vital Statistics

  • Height: Architectural 615 m / 2,018 ft
  • Height: To Tip 615 m / 2,018 ft
  • Floors Above Ground 125
  • Tower GFA 360,000 m² / 3,875,008 ft²
  • # of Hotel Rooms 260

Timeline

  • Proposed 2014
  • Construction Start 2017
  • Completion 2021

5. Global Financial Center Tower 1 The design of Global Financial Center Tower 1 represents an exercise in both simplicity and iconicity. At the ground level, the tower meets the street at the human scale, with conical extrusions that downplay its verticality near the entrance. These canopies recall the nomadic tent entrances of the Qing Dynasty. Rising upward, the tower widens slightly before it tapers, giving it an oblong appearance. For structural consideration in a high seismic zone, the tower shaft evolves from a square to a convex plan with corners carved out to further reduce the considerable bulk of the tower and to soften the scale contrast with the surrounding residential towers. At the top, an executive club is located within a giant “pearl” that measures 50 meters in diameter. The pearl – a symbol of wisdom, luxury, and purity – is the jewel in the crown of this mixed-use development.

Global Financial Center Tower 1

 

Vital Statistics

  • Height: Occupied 518 m / 1,699 ft
  • Height: To Tip 568 m / 1,864 ft
  • Height: Architectural 568 m / 1,864 ft
  • Floors Above Ground 114
  • Floors Below Ground 5

Timeline

  • Proposed 2013
  • Construction Start 2014
  • Completion 2019

6. Skyfame Center Landmark Tower – Also known as the Tianyu Tower, this skyscraper is being built in Nanning, China is due to be completed in 2021. It has 108 floors but as yet, the people behind the project have not released many details concerning its features.

Skyfame Center Landmark Tower

Vital Statistics

  • Height: Architectural 528 m / 1,732 ft
  • Height: To Tip 528 m / 1,732 ft
  • Floors Above Ground 108

Timeline

  • Proposed 2014
  • Construction Start 2016
  • Completion 2021

7. Evergrande International Financial Center – is a complex of five skyscrapers under construction at Chao Lake in Hefei, China. Work began in 2016. The highest towers will be 518 meters while the other four will peak at 290, 260, 200 and 170 meters respectively.

Evergrande-IFC-Landmark-Tower

Vital Statistics

  • Height: Architectural 518 m / 1,699 ft
  • Height: To Tip 518 m / 1,699 ft
  • Floors Above Ground 112

Timeline

  • Proposed 2012
  • Construction Start 2016
  • Completion 2021

8. Central Park Tower – this tower is a supertall mixed-use commercial/residential project being developed by the Extell Development Company in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. Upon completion, Central Park Tower will become the second tallest skyscraper in the United States. The building will also be the tallest by roof height in the United States, surpassing the Willis Tower.

Central ParkTower

 

Vital Statistics

  • Height: Occupied 442 m / 1,450 ft
  • Height: To Tip 472.4 m / 1,550 ft
  • Height: Architectural 472.4 m / 1,550 ft
  • Floors Above Ground 95
  • # of Apartments 179

Timeline

  • Proposed 2010
  • Construction Start 2014
  • Completion 2020

9. Chengdu Greenland Tower –  is a supertall skyscraper under construction in Chengdu, Sichuan, China. It will consist of: a retail podium, complete with conference centre, a bridge connecting to the main tower, and an exhibition hall; two smaller apartment towers of 173 and 166 meters; and the main tower, containing an array of office accommodations and a luxury hotel. The overall design of the complex interprets and integrates Chengdu’s urban structure and local culture, representing the modern embodiment of Chinese traditional feng shui theory.

Chengdu Greenland Tower

 

Vital Statistics

  • Height: Occupied 448.2 m / 1,470 ft
  • Height: To Tip 468 m / 1,535 ft
  • Height: Architectural 468 m / 1,535 ft
  • Floors Above Ground 101
  • Floors Below Ground 4
  • # of Parking Spaces 1,651

Timeline

  • Proposed 2011
  • Construction Start 2014
  • Completion 2019

10. Corporate Avenue 1 – As a centrepiece of the 3.6-million-square-meter Chongqing Tian Di Master Plan, a major redevelopment of the downtown core area, the Chongqing International Commerce Center will provide a nexus of activity, bringing people together for both work and leisure. Informed by curvilinear geometry, the complex’s light and graceful form are clearly expressed in the simple configuration of the Corporate Avenue 1, the tallest tower on the site.

Corporate Avenue 1

 

Vital Statistics

  • Height: Occupied 429.6 m / 1,409 ft
  • Height: To Tip 468 m / 1,535 ft
  • Height: Architectural 468 m / 1,535 ft
  • Floors Above Ground99
  • Floors Below Ground4
  • # of Elevators44
  • # of Parking Spaces 815

Timeline

  • Proposed 2007
  • Construction Start 2012
  • Completion 2019

 

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An engineer has found a way to build roads with recycled plastic

Engineer Toby McCartney wants to use recycled plastic instead of oil to repair some of the world’s 40 million kilometers (24.8 million miles) of road. The idea would solve more than one problem: poor road quality, the continued use of fossil fuels, and the waste plastic epidemic. His Scottish start-up, MacRebur, mixes waste plastic into asphalt to create roads that last longer and are less prone to getting potholes.

The idea was born when Toby, was working in Southern India with a charity helping people who work on landfill sites as ‘pickers’. Their job is to gather potentially reusable items and sell them on to be turned from rubbish into something useful again.

Some of the waste plastics retrieved by the pickers were put into potholes, petrol poured all over them, and the rubbish set alight until the plastics melted into the craters to form a makeshift plastic pothole filler.

Upon returning to the U.K., Toby got together with his two mates, waste expert Nick and construction engineer Gordon, and formed MacRebur.  They take waste plastic that is destined for landfill sites and recycle it. They use a special formula to clean it off, create pellets using it, and then use those pellets to add to a mixture of rocks and bitumen to make longer-lasting roads.

So far, the scheme has won the approval of Virgin founder Sir Richard Branson, and McCartney’s company MacRebur has gotten the support of two local governments in England to start using MR6, MacRebur’s patent pending, high performance, asphalt binder additive to build their roads.

We reckon we could use some plastic roads in Australia too!

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Melbourne to Sydney in just 53 minutes?

Thanks to Hyperloop Technology, travelling from Melbourne to Sydney could be hopefully done in under one hour!

But what is Hyperloop? And how is it going to change our travelling lives for the better?

The Hyperloop is the future of transport. It’s a new way of moving that is faster, cheaper, safer, and more efficient than anything that exists today. Air-tight pods fly through a near-vacuum tube, travelling up to 1000km/h, to get you or your freight to destination in the quickest way possible. The brainchild of visionary Elon Musk – CEO of Tesla Motors, SpaceX, PayPal, Solarcity and OpenAI – Hyperloop is the fifth mode of transport after planes, trains, cars and boats. Hyperloop strives to significantly minimise travel times, reduce carbon footprint and lessen the cost of travel while emerging as the safest mode of transport.

Hyperloop has significant advantages for travelers, the economy, and the environment. Eventually, it will be able to travel far faster than any method of land based transport currently available — with its closest competitor, the bullet train, only capable of speeds of 320 km/h (200 mph). Projections indicate that it will also be cheaper to build than bullet train systems.

VicHyper wants to revolutionise the future of transport in Australia. Their CEO, Zac McLelland who is based at RMIT, said the hyperloop technology which had the potential to leapfrog fast rail and link the cities with ease, existed. It was now just a matter of putting it into practice. “If we really wanted to do it, we could do it now, and be built within three to five years,’’ Mr McLelland said.

Game on!

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Five websites every civil engineer should follow

The internet is a goldmine of information but sifting through what’s useful for you as a civil engineer can take up many precious hours so we’ve done the hard work for you and collated the top five websites that you should check out and subscribe to if you haven’t already.

Interesting Engineering – It’s a leading community with more than 7 million+ minds. Their aim is to share a new idea, a new thought, an upcoming technology or an engineering breakthrough that will change the way you think about technology and engineering in today’s world and in the near future. Whether it’s a device that can charge your mobile in seconds or it’s the latest model of Boeing that has launched moments ago, Interesting Engineering will bring everything up on your screen to view, share and grant you the power to comment. Check out their latest articles here.


Engineering Feed –  This site is chock-full of  educational resources gallery exclusively for young civil engineers.  They even have an FAQs dedicated to civil engineers. Awesome right? Their mission is to provide an e-library of good quality educational materials as collected from various eminent sources to support the learning requisites of civil engineering students throughout the world, promoting the concept of green-learning and the value of sharing knowledge. They want to offer a virtual platform to exchange, discuss and connect the knowledge contents of the latest kind for civil engineers beyond any barriers.

I am Civil Engineer – We love the site’s tagline: “bridging the gap, filling the void.” Clever yes? Their team consists of two civil engineers and two civil engineering students, one of which is a female. The site offers free downloads of books, softwares, excel sheets, presentations and tutorials. In their latest article, they share the 300+ yes 300+ civil engineering interview questions you must prepare for!

Engineering.Com – They’re a digital media publisher that brings the most influential voices in engineering to a worldwide audience of designers and engineers. The stories that they produce highlight the latest advances in technology for product innovation and manufacturing. Their mission is to deliver engaging stories that inspire engineers to push the boundaries of innovation.

Engineers Australia – Of course we’ll include an Australian one! Engineers Australia is the trusted voice of the profession. They are the largest and most diverse body of engineers in Australia. As Australia’s principal engineering association they serve and represent over 100,000 professionals at every level, across all fields of practice. They are committed to advancing engineering and the professional development of their members.

Engineers Australia

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The world’s future megaprojects

This is a fascinating documentary on eight of the most ambitious mega-projects currently under development around the world, featuring: Istanbul’s building boom (Turkey); the Mission to put a human on Mars; the effort to develop Lagos (Nigeria); Africa’s unprecedented clean energy opportunity; the project to probe the nearest Earth-like exoplanet; Atlanta’s stadium of the future (Georgia, United States); India’s effort to modernize its highways; and China’s unprecedented One Belt One Road, “New Silk Road” initiative.

China’s “One Belt, One Road” worldwide project is the one to watch. It starts at 34.22 if you want to skip the rest. Its magnitude and scope is nothing like we’ve ever seen before.  At an approximate cost of $US1 trillion of projects funded by China’s state-run banks, major infrastructure works in Africa and Central Asia have already been initiated. It will involve 65 countries with a total population reach of 4.4 billion and a share of global economy of 30 per cent. It’s more than seven times larger than America’s Marshall Plan to rebuild Europe after the Second World War.

It’s a massive project with many roads, railways, ports and maritime routes making up new and revived trade corridors. The land-based projects are the belt. The road is the maritime routes that will connect up China’s southern provinces to south-east Asia and the east coast of Africa with ports and railways.

For those who are uninitiated, the “Silk Road” was an ancient network of trade routes that were for centuries central to cultural interaction originally through regions of Eurasia connecting the East and West. The Silk Road concept refers to both the terrestrial and the maritime routes connecting Asia and Europe.

While the term is of modern coinage, the Silk Road derives its name from the lucrative trade in silk (and horses) carried out along its length, beginning during the Han Dynasty.

 

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Five most famous bridges

We just love bridges. They come in all shapes and sizes and play a major role in uniting our communities and enhancing our everyday life. Here we highlight five of the most famous bridges in our world today starting with our very own Coathanger.

Sydney Harbour Bridge

The Sydney Harbour Bridge links Sydney’s two major commercial centres and forms a daily orientation point for millions. It is a living landmark, a tourist experience and an essential transport line for Sydneysiders. It is a cultural landscape that people actively experience: driving, walking, sailing, flying, cycling, ferry and train commuting, as well as passively observe – from the foreshores, from a distance, as a distinctive landmark – or examine in detail as a marvel of engineering technology.

Golden Gate

The Golden Gate bridge is still considered one of the world’s engineering masterpieces. Today it carries over 100,000 vehicles per day (northbound and southbound). The Golden Gate has endured as a marvel of modern engineering; its 4,200-foot main span was the longest for a suspension bridge until 1981, while its 746-foot towers made it the tallest bridge of any type until 1993. It withstood the destructive Loma Pieta earthquake of 1989, and was closed to traffic only three times in its first 75 years due to weather conditions. Believed to be the most photographed bridge in the world, this landmark was named one of the seven civil engineering wonders of the United States by the American Society of Civil Engineers in 1994.

Qingdao Haiwan Bridge

In 2011, the Qingdao Haiwan Bridge became the world’s longest sea bridge. At 42.6 km long, it is nearly 5 kilometers longer than the previous record-holder, the Lake Pontchartrain Causeway, in Louisiana, USA. Costing $8.6 billion, the bridge links Qingdao city in China’s eastern Shandong province with the Huangdao district. The former is considered as the national tourism city of China and Huangdao is a suburban region which is moving towards becoming the next booming economic region. And the bridge is, therefore, is a great asset for tourism and trade.

 

oresund-bridge

Øresund Bridge

The Øresund Bridge is an approximately 16-kilometer long road and rail link between Sweden and Denmark. It connects Copenhagen to Malmö fostering economic growth and cooperation for both cities. The link consists of three sections, a bridge, an artificial island and a tunnel, and the bridge accounts for half the length, with a railway and motorway running on separate levels. The bridge has provided a foundation for stronger and more extensive cooperation regarding economy, education, research and culture between Sweden and Denmark.

Millau Viaduct

Millau Viaduct is ranked as one of the great engineering achievements of all time. It opened in 2004 and was built across the Tarn valley to alleviate holiday traffic between France and Spain. This bridge broke several records. It has the highest pylons in the world (245 meters and 221 meters), the highest bridge tower in the world (343 meters) and the highest road bridge deck in Europe (270 meters). Millau Viaduct is so high that it glides above the clouds.  In 2006, Millau Viaduct received the Outstanding Structure Award by the International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering.

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How to build higher?

In this video we will learn about vortex shedding and mass dampers.

What is Vortex Shedding?

Vortex shedding happens when wind hits a structure, causing alternating vorticies to form at a certain frequency. This in turn causes the system to excite and produce a vibrational load. Historically, it has been very difficult to calculate by hand. Today, with modern technology and new engineering practices, completing a vortex shedding analysis is a valuable tool used in the design of tall equipment and structures.

 

What is Mass Damper?

Mass Damper is the system that’s used to control movement in skyscrapers by reducing both the speed at which the building oscillates and the distance those oscillations cover. Mass dampers consist of large pendulums—usually steel plates bolted together to form a solid chunk—suspended from cables near the top of the building. When the building sways in a gust, the weight’s inertia acts as a counterweight, pulling it in the opposite direction.

 

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